It is hard to tell which
Swedish regiments participated in the battle of Stresow 5 November 1715 (OS) and
how strong they were. No order of battle has been recorded in the sources so
any estimate has to be based on the list of regiments located in Rügen
at the time of the battle and reports of how strong the Swedes were at Stresow.
A problem with this approach is that there are contradictory information in
the sources. I have in order to give a better understanding of the
composition of the Swedish force added two strength reports for Swedish regiments in Pomerania in June
and the Stralsund garrison 12 October.
The literature is consistent in
saying that the Swedish force in the battle of Stresow was made up of two
battalions and 20 squadrons. The artillery was represented with eight
cannons and an additional four cannons were also on the island. More
uncertain is how many soldiers there where and from which regiments they
came from. The work by the Swedish General Staff "Karl XII på slagfältet"
state that the total strength in Rügen was 3 500 men, of which about 750 men
infantry and over 2 200 men cavalry took part in the battle. It also make
reference to English envoy Jefferyes who was present in the island and who
reported the Swedish force in Rügen to be 4 000 men strong. The work by the
Danish General Staff "Bidrag til den store nordiske krigs historie"
criticise however the Swedish work to have an incomplete and erroneous list
of regiments in Rügen. It estimates instead the force to be between 4 000
and 5 000 men strong. Of these only 2 000 men participated in the battle (according
to Jefferyes) and the colonel of the Bender Dragoon Regiment wrote in his
journal that the cavalry was 1 200 men strong. Reports from deserters stated
that the cavalry consisted of 20 squadrons à 50 men.
All this uncertainty makes it
difficult to establish which regiments the two battalions and 20 squadrons
belonged to. The Danish General Staff mention that five infantry regiments
had a presence in Rügen but also states that their main parts were inside
the Stralsund fortress. Both battalions are therefore likely to have been
composed of men from several different regiments. And because the Swedish
force suffered from a lack of infantry but had plenty of mounted troops
also conceivable that the infantry was strengthened by dismounted
dragoons. The fact that only 2 000 men from a force of 4 000 are reported to
have taken part in the battle could be a consequence of the battle being of
so short duration. The other troops may have been intended to join the
battle later in a similar fashion as in the battle of Holowczyn 1708.
The information below on the
individual mounted units' strength (except Niester Dragoon Regiment) is
taken from the official strength report from June 1715. With the exception
of the Rügen National Militia the size of the infantry units
but all these units were actually small detachments from Stralsund where the
main part of the regiments were located. Worth noting is also that the
Swedes had a shortage of proper cavalry horses and were mainly mounted on