Swedish Uniforms in the Battle of Gadebusch
Assuming that the Swedish army
in the battle of Gadebusch wore battle dresses ("livmunderingar") in
good condition their uniforms should have looked like the images below. But
for at least one regiment that was not the case. Hälsinge Regiment's uniforms
were in such bad condition that, even though 200 soldiers had been issued
new uniforms, most of them fought in their grey fatigues ("släpmunderingar").
The Artillery Regiment fought
at Gadebusch for the first time in their new all blue uniforms. However, all
men serving the guns were probably not dressed in artillery uniforms.
Recruits from the Kronoberg Regiment may have added man power to the gun
crews and one of their lieutenants most definitely served there. According
to a Danish spy report from 1711 Kronoberg was dressed in grey coats with
All information concerning
uniforms on this page come from Lars-Eric Höglund's book, but all other
information (including the map) come from the work by the Danish General
Staff ("Bidrag til den store nordiske krigs historie"). The battle order
below is based on the map ("H.H. Scheels plan af slaget ved Gadebusch"),
which is added to the book as an appendix. The map is however not entirely
consistent with the text in that book. Two regiments are missing in the map,
that is Stralsund Regiment (which appears to have been included in Elbing
Regiment led by Ekeblad)
and Smielgelski's 100 men strong Polish dragoon squadron (which may in fact
not have participated in the battle but at least was in the vicinity). The
uniform of the latter unit is in any way unknown. Another uncertainty is the
number of squadrons which the German mounted regiments consisted of, for
these there are no consistency at all between the table on page 179 (volume
4) and the map above. I have adjusted the number of squadrons so that it
will match the information in the table. A part of the Pomeranian Dragoon
Regiment (half?) was left behind to protect the baggage (together with Smiegelski's dragoons?) and this is the reason why the Pomeranians only have
5 squadrons instead of 10 (according to the map they should have 4 squadrons
in the battle).
According to the Danish General
Staff only five Regiments were armed with pikes (Östergötland, Hälsinge,
Västgöta-Dal, Älvsborg and Västmanland Regiments).
(The three regiments to the left had half of their squadrons in the first line and
the second half in the third line.
Verden Regiment's two halves made up the second and fourth lines)
Danish uniforms in the battle of Gadebusch.