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  POPULATION:
 
  British Isles
  Western Europe

  Benelux
  Scandinavia
  Germany
  Central Europe
  Italy
  Baltic States
  Eastern Europe
  Western Balkans
  Eastern Balkans

  _____________________
 
  Swedish Counties
 

Örjan Martinsson

Population of the Benelux States

The Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg have often had the same rulers and after the Congress of Vienna 1815 these countries were united into a kingdom. But the unification only lasted fifteen years until Belgium rebelled and declared itself independent. At that time the population of Belgium was twice as high as the Netherlands, but since then the Netherlands’ population have grown faster and it now considerably larger. There has even been a shift in the population within Belgium, where the Dutch speaking population has passed the French speaking population in size.

The Netherlands

Belgium

Luxemburg
1816 2.047 1816 4.166 1839 0.170
1829 2.613 1831 4.090 1843 0.180
In 1839 two territories with a population of  326 000 were transferred from Belgium to the Netherlands. One of these (Limburg) with 168 000 inhabitants are included in the 1829 population of the Netherlands. The other 158 000 became the grand duchy of Luxembourg, which population for some reason is stated as 170 000 in the column to the right 1846 0.186
1849 0.190
1852 0.193
1855 0.189
1864 0.203
1839 2.861 1846 4.337 1867 0.200
1849 3.057 1856 4.530 1871 0.198
1859 3.309 1866 4.828 1875 0.205
1869 3.580 1880 5.520 1880 0.210
1879 4.013 1890 6.069 1885 0.213
1889 4.511 1900 6.694 1890 0.211
1899 5.104 1910 7.424 1895 0.218
1909 5.858 1920 7.405 1900 0.236
1920 6.865 Eupen-Malmédy with 60 000 inhabitants was transferred from  Germany to Belgium in 1920 1905 0.246
1930 7.936 1910 0.260
1940 8.923 1930 8.092 1922 0.261
1947 9.625 1947 8.512 1930 0.300
1960 11.556 1961 9.190 1935 0.297
1970 13.119 1970 9.651 1947 0.291

1980

14.091 1981

9.849

1960 0.315
1990 14.951 1990 9.967 1966 0.335
1991 15.069 1991 9.980 1970 0.340
2000 15.924 2000 10.251 1981 0.365
2001 16.032 2001 10.273 1990 0.378
2010 16.615 2010 10.840 2001 0.444
2020 17.408 2020 11.493 2010 0.507
       

2020

0.626

Provinces of Belgium
(population in thousands)

Limbourg and Luxembourg was reduced in size in 1839 and Liége was expanded in 1920 by causes mentioned above.

  Antwerp Brabant East-flanders West-flanders Hainaut Liége Limburg Luxemburg Namur
1801
1806
1811
1816
1831

246
285
282
295
350

246
303

445
562

560
602
601
622
743

460
492

521
608

415
474

494
613


311

361
375




330
319




320
306




223
214

1846
1856
1866
1876
1880

406
434
466
538
577

691
749
814
936
985

793
777
806
863
882

643
625
642
684
692

715
769
845
956
978

453
504
557
632
664

186
192
195
205
211

186
194
200
204
209

264
286
303
316
323

1890
1900
1910
1920
1930
700
819
969
1 017
1 173
1 106
1 264
1 470
1 522
1 680
950
1 030
1 120
1 107
1 149
738
805
874
804
902
1 049
1 143
1 233
1 220
1 270
757
826
888
863
973
223
241
276
300
368
212
219
231
224
221
335
347
363
348
356
1947
1961
1970
1981
1990
1 281
1 444
1 538
1 576
1 605
1 798
1 992
2 171
2 222
2 253
1 217
1 277
1 310
1 331
1 356
997
1 073
1 054
1 080
1 107
1 225
1 260
1 317
1 305
1 280
964
1 011
1 003
1 004
1 001
460
579
653
716
750
213
219
217
223
232
356
373
387
405
424

Provinces of the Netherlands
(population in thousands)

  Groningen
 

Friesland
Drenthe
 

Overijssel
Gelderland
 

Utrecht
North-Holland South-Holland Zeeland North-Brabant Limburg
1830
1840
1849
1859
1869
158
176
188
208
225
205
228
247
274
292
64
72
83
95
106
179
198
216
235
254
310
346
371
404
433
132
145
149
160
174
414
443
477
524
577
480
526
563
619
688
137
151
160
166
178
349
378
396
408
429
186
197
205
216
224
1879
1889
1899
1909
1920
253
273
300
328
366
330
336
340
360
383
119
131
149
173
210
274
295
333
383
439
467
512
567
640
730
192
221
251
289
342
680
829
968
1 108
1 298
804
950
1 144
1 391
1 679
189
199
216
233
245
466
510
554
623
734
239
256
282
332
440
1930
1940
1950
1960
1970
392
427
462
478
517
400
428
468
480
522
222
250
285
314
367
521
585
682
783
921
829
938
1 101
1 288
1 506
407
490
584
687
801
1 510
1 701
1 875
2 073
2 244
1 958
2 174
2 425
2 726
2 969
248
254
272
284
306
898
1 052
1 267
1 513
1 788
551
620
745
894
999
1980
1990
2002
554
558
570
584
610
636
418
455
479
1 018
1 050
1 094
1 694
1 864
1 949
895
1 063
1 140
2 308
2 464
2 559
3 084
3 325
3 424
348
366
397
2 051
2 276
2 391
1 069
1 130
1 143

In 1986 a twelfth province was created in land reclaimed from the sea. That province was named Flevoland and it has had the following population-numbers.

Flevoland
1970
1980
1990
2002
15
66
262
342

All statistics with blue colour come from the book International Historical Statistics 1750-2005 by B. R. Mitchell. Statistics with purple colour come from English Wikipedia: Demography of the Netherlands, Demography of Belgium, Demography of Luxembourg