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  Uniforms:
 
 
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  FRAUSTADT 1706
 
  Uniforms:
  Russian corps 1704-06
 
 
  LESNAYA 1708
 
  Uniforms:
 
 
  POLTAVA 1709
 
  Road to Poltava
  Battle of Poltava
  Swedish strength
  Russian strength
  Uniforms:
  Redoubt battle
  Roos' battalions
  Main battle

 
 
  HELSINGBORG 1710
 
  Uniforms:
 
 
  GADEBUSCH 1712
 
  Uniforms:
 
 
  STRESOW 1715
 
 
Uniforms:
  Coalition army
 

Örjan Martinsson

Russian Uniforms in the Battle of Poltava

An impression of how the Russian army looked like in the battle of Poltava is shown on this page. The uncertainties are however many because the pieces of information about Russian uniforms are few and fragmentary. The uniform colours also changed frequently when regiments were issued new uniforms, which happened within regular intervals. All uniforms shown on this page are therefore more or less specualtive. But the known uniform information is listed on special pages which you can access by clicking on the images.

The order of battle on this page is mostly based on information from Bertil Wennerholm's book "Emporterade troféer" (specifically the so called Peter the Great's plan). None of the horse grenadier regiments are however mentioned by their individual names in that order of battle. These have been identified by using Angus Konstam's book "Poltava 1709 - Russia comes of age".  The presentation of the dragoon regiments in Heinske's and Volkonsky's commands are based on information from the Russian historian Pavel Krutov.

Right (North) Wing


Menshikov's Life Squadronn


A. Kropotov's
Horse Grenadiers


von der Roop's
Horse Grenadiers

Moskovski

Vladimirski

Sibirski

Nizhegorodski

Vyatski

Belozerski

Nevski

Arkhangelgorodski

G. Kropotov's
Horse Grenadiers


Centre
(Was deployed in two lines. Each regiment had half of its battalions in each line.
If the number of battalions in a regiment was not even then the odd battalion stood in the first line)

 

Golitsyn's Division

Bieltz' Grenadier Regiment
(1 battalion)

Preobrazhenski
(4 battalions)
Semenovski
(3 battalions)
Ingermanlandski
(3 battalions)
Astrakhanski
(2 battalions)
(Possibly boots instead of shoes)
Repnin's Division
Repnin's Grenadier Regiment
(2 battalions)

Kievski
(3 battalions)

Schlüsselburgski
(2 battalions)

Narvski
(3 battalions)

Novgorodski
(2 battalions)

Butyrski
(2 battalions)
Hallart's Division
Moskovski
(3 battalions)

Sibirski
(2 battalions)

Pskovski
(2 battalions)

Kazanski
(2 battalions)

Vologodski
(2 battalions)

Nizjegorodski
(2 battalions)

Busch's Grenadier Regiment
(2 battalions)


Left (South) Wing

 



 
 

Yaroslavski

Novgorodski

Vologodski

Ingermanlandski
 

Kievski

Life Regiment
 


Redoubt Garrison
(Including the ten redoubts passed by the Swedish army and possibly two redoubts at Yakovtsy)
 
Belgorodski
(3 battalions)
Verden's Regiment
(
2 battalions)
Yamburgski
(2 battalions)
Nelidov's Regiment
(2 battalions)
K. Nekludov's Regiment
(2 battalions)
Nechaev's Streltsy Regiment
(2 battalions)

Post at Yakovtsy
(Fought the Vallack Regiment)
 

Artillery
(Kargopolski Regiment added manpower to the gun crews)
 
Rostovski Dragoon Regiment

Ustyuzhski Dragoon Regiment
 
Artillery Regiment

Kargopolski Infantry Regiment


According to Peter Englund there were eight squadrons (i.e. two dragoon regiments) at Yakovtsy together with two infantry battalions. I have got the names of the dragoon regiments from Nicholas Dorrell's book "The Dawn of the Tsarist Empire". The infantry is however unknown but they may have been part of the force mentioned as garrison in the redoubts.

Heinske's and Rentzel's Commands
(Did not participate in the main battle but fought the lost Swedish battalions commanded by Roos)
 

Smolenski
Dragoon Regiment
Troitski
Dragoon Regiment

Yamburgski
Dragoon Regiment

Kargopolski Dragoon Regiment

Ranenburgski
 Dragoon Squadron

Koporski
(2 battalions)
 

Tobolski
(2 battalions)

von Fichtenheim's Regiment
(1 battalion)

Reinforcements to Rentzel
 
Left in the Fortified Camp

Rostovski
(2 battalions)
 

du Bois' Grenadier Regiment
(1 battalion)

Bieltz' Grenadier Regiment
(1 battalion)

Apraxin's Regiment
(1 battalion)
(Yaroslavski?)

Troitski
(2 battalions)
 
Rentzel's Regiment
(2 battalions)
 

Lefortski Regiment
(2 battalions)
 

du Bois' Grenadier Regiment
(1 battalion)


Volkonsky's Command
(Six dragoon regiments which were detached to support Skoropadsky's Cossacks)
 

   

Azovski

Kazanski Novotroitski Ryazanski S:t Petersburgski Tverski

Poltava Garrison
 
Tverski
(2 battalions)
Ustyuzhski
(2  battalions)
Permski
(1 battalion)
Apraxin's Regiment
(1 battalion)
(Yaroslavski?)
von Fichtenheim's Regiment
(1 battalion)
Poltava Cossack Regiment
(a few companies)

Artillery Regiment
(c. 100 men)

Armed townspeople
 

Finally I have to mention that Höglund's book states that many more regiments participated in the battle of Poltava than those that are presented here. Specifically an additional 16 regiments and then Höglund have still left out three of the regiments on this page. Uniform information for these 16 regiments can be found here.

Information about how strong the Russian regiments were can be found on this page.
Read also about Swedish uniforms in the battle of Poltava.