An impression of how the
Russian army looked like in the battle of Poltava is shown
on this page. The
uncertainties are however many because the pieces of information about
Russian uniforms are few and
fragmentary. The uniform colours also changed frequently when regiments were
uniforms, which happened within regular intervals. All
uniforms shown on this page are therefore more or less specualtive.
But the known uniform information is listed on special pages which you can
access by clicking on the images.
The order of battle on this
page is mostly based on information from Bertil Wennerholm's book "Emporterade
troféer" (specifically the so called Peter the Great's plan).
None of the horse grenadier regiments are however mentioned by their
individual names in that order of battle. These have been identified by
using Angus Konstam's book "Poltava
1709 - Russia comes of age". The presentation of the dragoon
regiments in Heinske's and Volkonsky's commands are based on information
from the Russian historian Pavel Krutov.
Menshikov's Life Squadronn
von der Roop's
Centre (Was deployed in two lines.
Each regiment had half of its battalions in each line.
If the number of battalions in a regiment was not even then the odd
battalion stood in the first line)
Bieltz' Grenadier Regiment
(Possibly boots instead of shoes)
Repnin's Grenadier Regiment
Vologodski (2 battalions)
Busch's Grenadier Regiment
Left (South) Wing
Redoubt Garrison (Including the ten redoubts
passed by the Swedish army and possibly two redoubts at Yakovtsy)
Yamburgski (2 battalions)
Nelidov's Regiment (2 battalions)
K. Nekludov's Regiment (2 battalions)
Nechaev's Streltsy Regiment (2 battalions)
Post at Yakovtsy
(Fought the Vallack Regiment)
(Kargopolski Regiment added manpower to the
Rostovski Dragoon Regiment
Ustyuzhski Dragoon Regiment
Kargopolski Infantry Regiment
According to Peter Englund there were eight
squadrons (i.e. two dragoon regiments) at Yakovtsy together with two infantry battalions.
I have got the names of the dragoon regiments from Nicholas Dorrell's
book "The Dawn of the Tsarist Empire".
The infantry is however unknown but they may have been part of the force
mentioned as garrison in the redoubts.
Heinske's and Rentzel's Commands (Did not participate in the main
battle but fought the lost Swedish battalions commanded by Roos)
Finally I have to mention that Höglund's book states that many more
regiments participated in the battle of Poltava than those that are
presented here. Specifically an additional 16 regiments and then Höglund
still left out three of the regiments on this page. Uniform information for
these 16 regiments can be